Your Complete Guide to a Career in Journalism and Media Production

The media and entertainment industry consists of several diverse subsets, including films, television, music, and journalism. In Journalism, content is created for print, broadcast and digital media at a national and global level. Therefore, one needs to learn the skills to gather information, process data, write the story for your audience, and visualize it.

Journalists nowadays face the camera and take interviews, they also capture the visuals, edit them and post them on digital platforms, including social media. Anchors, reporters, video journalists and news producers are expected to do multitasking. There are multiple career options for the students after completing the course in Journalism and Media Production. They can become news anchors or conduct panel discussions; in reporting, they can select fields like Politics, sports, entertainment, crime, etc. Specialization in International media, data journalism, Investigative journalism opens different career options at the national and international level.

With the rising demand for quality content on social media, there are ample opportunities to work as content producers and Managers. Media companies and corporate houses need professionals who can write articles, make tweets, do podcasts, Instagram live and make short videos for YouTube channels .

Students with a journalism and mass communication background can work in news media, public relations, and corporate communications. Big corporate houses, advertising agencies, international organizations, political parties, and celebrities all seek the right persons who will help them spread the content effectively on various platforms.

What is journalism?

Journalism refers to the process of using any medium to disseminate news, information and other content to a wide set of audiences. Traditional media includes Print and television. Now a days social media and other digital platforms are used extensively for disseminating news content

What is Media Production?

Content is the key in Journalism and mass communication. One needs to understand the art of creating quality content in form of words, photos, or in audio visuals. The knowledge of basic camera operations and editing skills is necessary for generating content. Design tools and certain applications serve in creating content for diffrent media platforms like television, and digital media to reach it to target audiences with desired effect. Media production takes into account all these aspects right from visualization to making final product.

What is Media Convergence?

Previously distinct media technologies and platforms are now merged through digitization and computer networking. Newspapers and TV channels have their websites and apps. Media organization makes content available across various platforms. The content should be generated and delivered taking into account the requirement of each platform. Therefore, one needs to learn the skills to gather information, process data, write the story for your audience, and visualize it.

What is the difference between mass communication and journalism?

Mass communication is the process of transmitting a message to the general populace through varied media like newspapers, magazines, radio, TV and the internet. It involves media theories, media research, advertising, public relations, media history and management aspects as well. Journalism, on the other hand, is a subset of mass communication that involves the compilation and transmission of news through these mediums. Journalism education is directed towards creating well-rounded professionals who can take on different roles and responsibilities including : Writer, reporter, photojournalist, anchor, news presenter, correspondent, feature producer, creative writer, interviewer, cameraperson, director, editor, documentary filmmaker, radio jockey, promo producer, etc.

What is the difference between journalism and broadcast journalism?

Journalism is the umbrella term that is used for referring to any kind of news or information delivery, broadcast journalism specifically refers to the dissemination of news or content via television and radio.

Why is journalism important?

Journalists are expected to bring accurate, reliable and firsthand account of the latest stories happening around us. Most of the information that we consume and the updates that we get about different topics and trends are brought to us by journalists. Citizens are alos playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, and disseminating information. Darnella Frazier, the teen who recorded a comprehensive video in May 2020, of the killing of George Floyd received the special Pulitzer Award.

What is the role of a journalist?

The role of a journalist is to gather news from different sources, conduct research to validate the information, package it in an easily-digestible format, and present it to the audience. Modern-day journalists rely on news networks, informers, sources and data to create compelling stories that are presented to the audience via various mediums.

What is the scope of journalism as a career?

There are opportunities in traditional media as well as in alternative media and on other digital platforms as well. Journalism has numerous career choices and has huge scope to suit your capabilities and interests. Graduates of the broadcast journalism course can find careers as reporters, correspondents, anchors, bulletin producers, production executives, video journalists, cameramen, video editors, sub-editors and photojournalists, to name a few. There are more than 400 news and current affairs channels in India and they need skilled and talented manpower. All the news channels and most of the newspapers have their digital presence as well. Journalists with the skills of producing content for varios media platforms are preferred by news organizations.

What are the career opportunities in the field of Public Relations and corporate communication?

There are opportunities in various private companies including IT companies and government departments as corporate communication officials. There are various fields for PR who work specially for politicians, celebrities, finance among others.

Eligibility criteria

Most institutions that offer a degree in journalism will have the successful completion of 10+2 (in any stream) as the basic eligibility criterion for admission. Apart from this, some colleges might also ask you to appear for an entrance exam, group discussion and personal interview as a part of their student selection process. During this process, the college’s selection panel basically tries to gauge your aptitude, communication skills, passion, hobbies, skills and reasons why you want to take up journalism as your profession.

What kind of jobs can you get with a degree in journalism?

Here is a list of jobs that you can get with a degree in broadcast journalism :

To start off you can practice yourjournalistic skills as –

  • News anchor
  • Anchors, presenters or hosts are individuals who deliver news stories to the audience via television or web-based channels. Anchors usually work with news studios, shooting shows or snippets that are broadcasted later. In other cases, presenters or correspondents travel for on-site or live broadcast reports.

  • Video journalist
  • Video journalism revolves around the creation of audio-visual news content for the audience. This could include travelling to different locations, covering regional news, interviewing people and reporting on a wide range of topics. Video journalists are expected to be all-rounders, being proficient in verbal and written communication, and well-versed with video shooting, audio recording and editing techniques.

  • Content Writers
  • content writers are in charge of creating content or drafting stories for broadcast mediums. They create content in form of words, photographs or audio visuals for various media organizations

  • Feature producer
  • Executive Producer
  • Managing the operations and flow of a studio production is a specialized and important job. Production executives are responsible for hiring manpower, managing equipment, supervising the production process.

Other related occupations and professions in journalism?

Apart from the seven jobs or roles mentioned above, there is an entire world of opportunities for journalism graduates. Here is a quick look at some other important areas that you can explore:

  • Documentary production
  • Content strategy
  • Public Relations
  • Corporate Communication
  • Market research
  • Blogging
  • Social Media Management
  • Podcasting

10 must-have skills required to become a journalist

Journalism is all about time and accuracy and authenticity – Here are a few essential skills that you need in order to become a good journalist:

  • Writing skills
  • Fluency and control over language
  • Journalistic ethics and unwavering integrity
  • Good understanding of the news media industry
  • Ability to shoot, record and edit using industry-standard equipment
  • Ability to conduct research independently
  • Good networking skills
  • Competent investigative skills
  • Knowledge of new technology and digital media

What are the factors to consider while choosing a journalism college?

India is home to a host of media institutions that offer courses in journalism and mass communication or mass media. However, selecting the right college for a degree in broadcast journalism is important, since this is the investment you will make for your professional career.

Here are a few things to consider while choosing a college or course for broadcast journalism:

  • Course curriculum and practical exposure
  • Facilities and infrastructure
  • Job placements, internships and industry tie-ups
  • Industry exposure (seminars, guest lectures, field trips, studio visits)
  • Faculty and their experience
  • Alumni
  • Fees

What will you learn in a Journalism and Media Production Course?

While every university or private institute will have its own set of subjects and modules as a part of their journalism degree, there are a few essential and common broad-level areas that are generally covered in these programs. Here’s a quick look at the core subjects that are taught as a part of any professional broadcast journalism course:

  • Basics of journalism and mass media
  • Anchoring and interview techniques
  • Writing Skills
  • Reporting techniques
  • News production
  • Investigative journalism
  • Editing softwares
  • Global Media
  • Creating Content for Digital Platforms
  • Feature production
  • Studio production process
  • Production control room operations
  • Camera operation and multi-camera setup

Broadcast journalism course fees

Journalism degree courses are offered by various colleges in India and each college has its own unique fee structure, depending on where they are based, what facilities they offer, what kind of course they deliver, etc. On an average the annual fees for contemporary journalism degree course could fall anywhere between Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 4 lacs.

Which are the best cities for studying journalism in India?

Pune, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Delhi, Chandigarh, Kolkata, Indore, Varanasi, Bhopal, Ahmedabad and Chennai are cities that are known for their quality of higher education. These places have multiple media and journalism institutes that you can choose from for your degree. Apart from being educational hubs, these cities are also hot avenues for entry-level as well as experienced journalists in terms of jobs. All the aforementioned places have a thriving media and news industry and hence, there are several opportunities for capable journalists to begin their career, establish themselves and make their mark.

Golden tips for aspiring journalists

  • Watch, read and browse through the daily news
  • Read up online about journalism and broadcast media
  • Follow the leading news channels and print subscriptions
  • Develop the ability to write in different style for different media platforms
  • Try writing your own versions of published pieces of content or news
  • Start capturing the events around you using your smartphone or camera
  • Learn to shoot and edit videos of good quality
  • Meet current and past journalism students and ask them all the questions you have
  • Sign up on LinkedIn and other job portals to keep an eye on what journalism recruiters expect from potential hires

About Seamedu’s degree in Journalism and media Production

If you have the passion for journalism or content creation for various media platforms kickstart your career with a three-year degree in journalism and Media Production at Seamedu School of Pro-Expressionism. The media institute offers the perfect blend of theoretical knowledge, practical training and on-the-job learning.