FAQ - Sound Engineering as a Career Open Your Mind: A Manual for Creating a Lucrative Sound Engineering Career


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Sound is an essential yet often-overlooked aspect of our lives and the media and entertainment industry. Whether you talk about a concert that left you overwhelmed, a film that had an impactful background score, a theatrical production that gave you goosebumps, or even a video game that got your adrenaline pumping thanks to the audio effects and music - it is all down to the ‘sound’.

Can you imagine what films like The Dark Knight, Inception, or Joker would feel like without their background score and original soundtrack (OST)? Dull, dry, and dreary, to say the least. Thanks to the unrestrained advancements in technology (both analogue and digital), the quality of audio we receive as an audience in every walk of life have improved drastically. From movies and songs to live gigs and games, the sound industry is scaling new heights with every passing year.

The time is ripe for those considering sound engineering as a career. sound engineering as a career in India, especially over the last two decades, has become a mainstream career choice for people with a penchant for audio and sound technology.

Here is everything you need to know about a career in sound engineering.

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FAQ - Sound Engineering as a Career

Sound engineering, in simple words, is the process of capturing, recording, editing, manipulating, mixing, reproducing, and delivering any type of sound using various mechanical equipment and digital devices. The individual responsible for doing this is referred to as a sound engineer or audio engineer. According to Wikipedia, an audio engineer is someone who -

"works on the recording, manipulation using equalization and electronic effects, mixing, reproduction, and reinforcement of sound. Audio engineers work on the technical aspect of recording - the placing of microphones, pre-amp knobs, the setting of levels."

Contrary to popular belief, sound engineering involves much more than simply messing around with knobs on a complex console. The primary role of audio/sound engineers is to use their technical skills and knowledge to record or create crystal-clear sound for numerous purposes on different platforms. Producing impeccable audio for films, music, television, radio, web, and live events is the fundamental responsibility of a sound engineer.

Sound engineers are often required to collaborate with diverse production professionals, including composers, artists, music producers, film directors, editors, TV news production teams, studio managers, radio jockeys, etc.

  • Studio Engineer
  • Sound Recordist (on set/location)
  • Music Composer
  • Music Arranger
  • Film Sound Designer
  • Game Sound Designe
  • Mixing Engineer for Films and Music
  • Live Sound Engineer for Concerts and Events
  • Music Producer
  • DJ/Electronic Music Producer
  • Promo Producer
  • Radio Sound Engineer

Sound engineering is a highly evolved and complex field of work; hence, regardless of what online articles or ads claim, it is next to impossible to learn the nuances of the trade without formal training. Several institutes across India offer a dedicated degree or diploma in music production and sound engineering course for those who wish to pursue career in sound engineering.

Here are some of the essential skills you need to become a well-rounded sound engineer:

  • Solid foundation in subjects like Physics and Mathematics
  • Sound technical knowledge
  • Ability to grasp complex concepts quickly
  • Familiarity with new technology and digital media
  • Troubleshooting and problem-solving abilities
  • Good communication skills
  • An ear for music and high-quality audio
  • Ability to adapt to constant upgrades in technology

Golden Tip

Make sure you learn everything there is to know about a career in sound engineering. It often involves working long (and odd) hours, travelling or spending days and nights together in a studio setup. However, the creative satisfaction one gets after completing a project successfully is second to none.

Many students ask, "Is sound engineering a good career option?" The simple answer to that question is - YES! As mentioned above, it is a wonderful time for aspiring sound engineers to learn the nitty-gritty of this subject and enter the industry. The sound industry in India is thriving and will continue to generate more opportunities for qualified professionals across a wide range of avenues.

Sound Engineering Career are promising with the endless possibilities available across a wide range of platforms like:

  • Film
  • Television
  • Audio for Game
  • Audio for Digital/Web
  • Advertising
  • Music studios
  • Theatre
  • Live events
  • Radio
  • Audio for Digital Application developers

Cities like Mumbai, Pune, Bengaluru, New Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, and Kolkata offer many opportunities to qualified sound engineers. If you think about the global market, cities like Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York, London, Dublin, Paris, San Jose, Toronto, Sydney, Melbourne, and Dubai are best known for their bustling media and entertainment industry, which correlates to lots of opportunities for career in sound engineering.

A sound engineer can either work in-house with a production company, in a studio, or as a freelancer. As mentioned above, there is a wide array of roles that sound engineering graduates can choose to specialize in, including that of a sound recordist, studio engineer, sound editor, broadcast engineer, editor, music editor, re-recording mixing specialist, sound effects (SFX) editor, recording engineer, mix engineer, Foley artist, or sound designer.

Thanks to the massive number of studios peppered all over the country (and the world), there is no shortage of opportunities for audio production degree jobs. With the right skill set and education, the world is your oyster.

While each college will have its unique fee structure, here is the range in terms of how much institutes in India charge for a three-year-long degree course in sound engineering:

  • Rs. 6 lakhs - Rs. 12 lakhs

The sound engineering course fees for diploma programs and short-term courses can range between Rs. 2,500,00 to Rs. 5 lakhs.

This usually includes unlimited access to all the facilities, gear, software, tools, workshops, and seminars the college offers its students.


Tuition fees are finalized by institutions/universities and may differ for each program; it is recommended to get in touch with the institute and confirm the same. The institution does not accept any liability for the changes in currency fluctuation rates.

Most sound engineering programs will cover the basics of audio before diving into its specific subsets. Here is a quick overview of the various subjects that are a part of a typical sound engineering degree or diploma curriculum:

  • Audio fundamentals
  • Audio signals and systems
  • Physics of sound
  • Sound measuring techniques
  • Analog and digital consoles (DAWs)
  • Studio equipment and recording gear operation
  • Preproduction techniques
  • Recording, editing, mixing, and mastering
  • Understanding acoustic environments and studio design
  • Music production
  • Surround sound mixing and music mastering
  • Live sound
  • Film sound
  • Sound design
  • Advanced digital tech and electronic music production
  • Sampling and using MIDI for music production
  • Sound synthesis
  • Software training

Most colleges in India require you to complete your 12th/high school or equivalent in any stream to be eligible for admission to a sound engineering program. Some institutes conduct their entrance tests and may require you to appear for a personal interview as a part of their student selection process. The sound engineering course eligibility may differ for different colleges, so check each website thoroughly to be sure. You could also contact the institute and speak to their counsellors if you have any doubts.

Modern sound engineering courses are designed to help students gain an in-depth insight into every aspect of the subject. The top institutes in India offer students ample opportunities to learn sound engineering theory and gain precious practical knowledge of the essential tools and technologies that today's sound engineers use in the industry. Apart from giving students access to world-class studios and facilities, here is a list of gears you can expect to use and software you will learn in a sound engineering course.

Gear and equipment:

  • Digital Consoles
  • Analog Consoles
  • Avid HD IOs
  • Microphones
  • Pre-amps
  • Compressors/gates/reverb units/various outboard Gear
  • Midi Keyboard/Controllers
  • Stereo Monitors
  • Surround Sound Monitors


  • Pro Tools
  • Ableton Live
  • Logic Pro X
  • Nuendo
  • Reason
  • Cubase

According to Payscale.com, the average entry-level sound engineer’s salary amounts to Rs. 3.5 lakhs per annum. As is the case with any other profession, the salary of a sound engineer increases with experience. Over a period of time, with the right knowledge, the compensation for sound engineers can go up to Rs. 6 lakhs or even higher based on the skills they accumulate and their experience working in the industry. Where you are employed also determines your salary to a certain extent - bigger studios and production houses offer higher pay than small, local setups.


Salary estimates are based on salaries submitted anonymously to "Payscale" by individuals belonging to the respective job titles. The numbers stated may fluctuate, and the institution does not guarantee the same.

For those who work independently, the remuneration differs from project to project, depending on factors like time, the scope of work, effort, etc. As you develop and build your project portfolio, you can start demanding reasonably higher compensation for your efforts.

Here is some advice for those interested in becoming a sound engineer:

  • Read up on everything you can about sound engineering online
  • Attend as many local events, live gigs, and concerts at local venues as you can
  • Talk to sound engineers and music producers about their backgrounds, experience, and process
  • Assist a sound engineer on a project and try to learn on the job
  • Use free apps and tools on your phone/tablet/laptop to experiment with audio and music

Golden Tip

If you are serious about a career in sound engineering, here are some books that are fantastic reads on the subject:

  • Audio Engineering 101 - Tim Dittmar
  • Perfecting Sound Forever: The Story of Recorded Music - Greg Milner
  • Behind the Glass: Top Record Producers Tell How They Craft the Hits - Howard Massey
  • Modern Recording Techniques - David Miles Huber
  • Mastering Audio: The Art and the Science - Bob Katz
  • Audio-Vision: Sound on Screen - Michel Chion

No textbook, podcast, or YouTube video can teach you what working on an actual project can teach you. A good sound engineering institute (or course) not only gives you a lot of theoretical knowledge but also empowers you to explore the practical aspects of the field. While there are several good colleges for sound engineering, selecting the right one for your higher education might get tricky. Here is a list of things to consider when choosing a sound engineering college for your degree or diploma:

  • Curriculum - Make sure the curriculum is comprehensive and covers all the subjects mentioned above.
  • Faculty - Look up the faculty members who will teach you, their industry experience and the projects they have worked on.
  • Infrastructure - Your institute must familiarize you with industry-standard tools and equipment during your course.
  • Practical training - Ask the college how much weight it gives to practical assignments and projects. The more, the better.
  • Industry exposure - Check who the guest faculty members are, what kind of workshops are conducted, and what industry tie-ups the college has.
  • Certifications - Apart from the degree or diploma, some institutes also offer additional certifications by renowned companies such as Avid and Apple.
  • Internship/placement - Make sure the college offers internship opportunities and placement support to its students during and after the completion of the course.

The future of sound engineering as a career path is bright! If you believe you have what it takes to break into the world of audio, music, media, and sound engineering, take the leap and join a college that offers a comprehensive degree in sound engineering. Browse through Seamedu School of Pro-Expressionism's sound engineering course details by clicking the links below:

The future of sound engineering as a career path is bright! If you believe you have what it takes to break into the world of audio, music, media, and sound engineering, take the leap and join a college that offers a comprehensive degree in sound engineering. Browse through Seamedu School of Pro-Expressionism's sound engineering course details by clicking the links below: